The combination of these two factors hinders the willingness to trust. The common culture of diverting attention from the root causes of an issue will always be used as a scape-goat for the lack of political will to address the issue which may come at political cost.
However, the recent election of progressive Turkish Cypriot Leader Mustafa Akinci has fostered a new air of hope, driven by political motivation from both sides.
It is well understood that willingness to trust is missing between the two communities. Confidence building measures are required, but can only be realized if a suitable framework is constructed. This framework needs to combine the political and private stake holders from both communities aiming at achieving equity through cooperation and management of social and economic issues that transcend communal boundaries.
The aim should be to create a framework that is impermeable to peace spoilers. This can only be achieved if the average Cypriot citizen is taken into consideration and included within this process. At the end of the day the island is in dire need of proper socialization, fostering the notion of succinct governance and compromise.
Governance in contrast to government explains the phenomenon of societal problems appearing to be too interlinked, too complex, but also too overwhelming for a state to deal with them on its own. Therefore, in order to achieve an equitable and viable solution to the Cyprus Issue there needs to be an implementation of multi-level governance which can be achieved through a cooperation and management framework, like the one mentioned above. This will be achieved by the marriage of public and private efforts.
There is a need for a large scale confidence building measure where the two communities will come together and create something through direct interaction. The creation or re-creation of Famagusta is the perfect example of a cooperation and management framework that will cut through the pre-existing status-quo of ethnic barriers. The interaction of the private sectors between the two communities, in re-developing Famagusta, will bridge the gap of mistrust and hate, sending the message of cooperation for the creation of a unified Cyprus. Famagusta can serve as the small scale unification of the two communities helping us identify key issues and solutions to the fine details that fan the flames of distrust before we attempt this on a larger scale.
This will lead to the construction of a framework that is driven by succinct multi-governance aiming at achieving an equitable solution and isolating the peace spoilers. When the above is achieved, Cypriot society will begin to experience the benefits that trust between the two communities can bring.
*The views expressed in this article are of the author and do not represent those of The Political Analysis.